The Sex Ratio shows an upward trend from the census data. This reflects a grim picture of the status of the girl child in the country and majority of the states. In rural India, sex ration is higher at while in the urban areas there are only females per thousand male populations. It ranges between and Since decades India has seen a decrease in the sex ratio , but since the last two of the decades there has been in slight increase in the sex ratio.
Only Kerala and Pondicherry have sex ratio in favor of females for all the areas, Manipur has preponderance of females in urban areas Sex ratio is a valuable source for finding the population of women in India and what is the ratio of women to that of men in India. Aggregated at the national level, the child sex ratio in urban areas is very low at , which is a sharp decline from in Some facts related to the Sex Ratio in India follows, the main cause of the decline of the sex ration in India is due to the biased attitude which is meted out to the women. The main cause of this gender bias is inadequate education. The decreasing sex ratio in this age group has a cascading effect on population over a period of time leading to diminishing sex ratio in the country. The major cause of the decrease of the female birth ratio in India is considered to be the violent treatments meted out to the girl child at the time of the birth. While Puducherry and Kerala are the only two states where the number of female is more than the number of men, there are also states in India like that of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra where the sex ratio is showing considerable signs of improvement. Migration of males to urban areas could be one of the reasons for lower sex ration in urban areas. It ranges between and But the advantage of higher sex ratio at birth SRB is neutralized due to higher male infant mortality in the normal population. The Sex Ratio shows an upward trend from the census data. This reflects a grim picture of the status of the girl child in the country and majority of the states. About half of the villages in the country have sex ratio of total population above while only one third towns and Urban Agglomerations fall in this category. Delhi, Chandigarh, Haryana and Punjab are placed at the bottom with chi8ld sex ratio raging between Census revealed that there were females to that of males. One of the states which is showing a decreasing trend in the population of women and is a cause of concern is Haryana. At the Census , sex ratio of the population in the age group years has been registered as , in India, declining from in and in In rural India, sex ration is higher at while in the urban areas there are only females per thousand male populations. Since the last five decades the sex ratio has been moving around of females to that of of males. Child Sex ratio years Like the sex composition of the total population, the sex composition by age groups is vital for studying the demographic trends of young population, its future patterns and particularly, the status of the girl child. I The sex ratio of population in villages and towns helps to know the composition of population distribution at lower levels and is also useful in micro level planning. Kerala houses a number of females to that of males. Though the national average for child sex ratio in the case of rural population is higher at if compared to of urban population, the position is not encouraging as this is also below the natural sex ratio at birth. Prior to , the child sex ratio was close to sex ratio at birth but due to rapid decline, this has fallen even below the natural SRB in Census The problem is better understood, if one considers the fact that the child sex ratio is primarily influenced by sex ratio at birth and mortality in the early childhood.
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