He was not representing the U. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: I think that the best way to close my paper is with the closing paragraph of Ferdinand L. Instead, Douglass was chosen be the delegate for Haiti Douglass had been the U. Wells was a civil rights activist who crusaded against the lynching of Black men in the South Rydell, I have been fortunate in that my literary searches have proven to be extremely fruitful. Wells Lynch Law by Ida B.
Wells An online version can be found at: I have been fortunate in that my literary searches have proven to be extremely fruitful. University of Illinois Press. Unfortunately, American nationalism at that time was formulated around a system of white supremacy. The elite deviated by choice from the derivative African-and-southern-based cultural practices and heritage that comprised Afro-American Culture. The second category of international display was a bit more realistic and at least as legitimate as one could get at the Midway. According to Reed , two national identities began to emerge for African Americans. Slavery was abolished, however, racism was rampant in 19 th century Chicago. In this paper I will provide a brief national context of race, a summary regarding the environment of the host city Chicago , and a third section concerning the Columbian Exposition. Wells, and Frederick Douglass. In fact, I was able to obtain a copy of the actual pamphlet from ! Chapel Hill , NC: Conversely, Black women were marginalized as evidenced by Ida B. It became clear that some whites were proponents of white supremacy. When Wells returned to the U. Instead, Douglass was chosen be the delegate for Haiti Douglass had been the U. It did not include women of color. Retrieved June 8, , from State of Illinois: Their interest rested on the acquisition of civic spoils related to the attainments of economic class and those of gender interests p. Our failure to be represented is not of our own working and we can only hope that the spirit of freedom and fair play of which some Americans so loudly boast, will so inspire the Nation that in another great National endeavor the Colored American shall not plead for a place in vain Wells et al. The black presence at white city. Wells Lynch Law by Ida B. He was not representing the U. The University of Chicago Press. It is ironic that a cultural spectacle of this magnitude occurred twenty-eight years after the end of the Civil War. The exclusionary tactics were equally racist at the New Orleans exposition.
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